The German Ruhrgebiet was the largest industrial centre in Europe due to the coal-mining boom after the Industrial Revolution during the 19th century,
However, in 1958, the coal-mining crisis started, which put a definitive brake on employment in the Ruhr.
So, this region had to face industrial decline and thus, needed to be restructured. It is only in the last two decades that the Ruhrgebiet has had the opportunity to regain its competitiveness within Europe.
The city of Essen offers us the perfect example of “Preservation through conservation” – the motto of this area to the present day.